Thursday, 15 September 2016

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One of the very most famous events at Lancaster castle was the Pendle Witch trials of 1612. Through the reign of King James I, he passed laws which forbid any act of "creating a covenant having an evil spirit, hurting life or limb, injuring live stock through charms or procuring love ".Many of these acts were at the mercy of the death penalty.
The trial was centred on two families by which five of these members were accused (Elizabeth Southern, Anne Whittle, Ann Redfern, Elizabeth Device and Alison and James Device). Another five from the exact same locality (Jane Bulcock and her son John, Alice Grey, Alice Nutter and Katherine Hewitt) also stood accused. While awaiting trial, 80 year old Elizabeth Southern passed on in her cell.
The trial began in August of the exact same year and was presided over by Judge Bromley and Judge Altham. Lord Gerard and Sir Richard Hoghton were in assistance.
The prisoners were deprived of any counsel and couldn't call witnesses. On the top of original ten another ten defendants, also accused of witchcraft (The Samlesbury witches, also from Pendle alongside Isobel Robey from Windle, near St Helens and Margaret Pearson, the Padiham Witch) were to stand trial.
In total, 20 people stood accused and their ages ranged from 9 years old to 80 years. The evidence produced stemmed from idle gossip, false accusations and rumours.
At the final outcome of the three day event, Anne Whittle, Anne Redfern, Elizabeth Device, Alice Nutter, Alison and James Device, Katherine Hewitt, Jane and John Bulcock, in addition to Isobel Robey were all found guilty and sentenced to be hanged on the moor above the Town. Margaret Pearson was sentenced to be pilloried on four successive market days at Padiham, Clitheroe, Whalley and Lancaster. Once this is carried out, Margaret was to pay a further year in prison within her punishment. The Samlesbury witches and Alice Grey were not found guilty and set free.
Public executions took place at Lancaster Castle right up until the 1800's at a place called Gallows Hill. The prisoners will be extracted from their cells in a cart and pass along Moor lane and Moor gate. They would pause briefly at a local public house where they may take their last drink with family and friends before proceeding to the gallows. Individuals from all around the north west of England would congregate out in Lancaster's streets to view these public hangings. After 1800 the hangings were shifted from the moor to a place within the castles confines. It was to become known as "The Hanging Corner ". Adelaide escort
Of all executions carried out, an overall total of 265 in every, 43 were for murder and other crimes including burglary, forgery, robbery and cattle stealing. 131 of these hangings were carried out by usually the one person - Old Ned Barlow. The final person to be publicly hanged was Stephen Burke in 1865.
Between 1788 and 1868, if you found yourself fortunate enough to flee the hangman's noose, you might have found yourself being transported to a new penal colony called Australia. In total 200, 000 people found themselves ship bound to face the uncertainties of a hostile environment in NSW and Tasmania.
As a convict awaiting transportation you were entitled to the "Kings Allowance" of 2s and 6d a week. The government were charged anything from £8 to £12 per prisoner and the escorting jailers received a set fee per mile for each prisoner.
If you could not pay your debts and were found guilty you'd have found yourself serving time in the castles debtors'prison. The castle housed between 3 to 400 debtors at any one time who would be required to work within the prison.
Life as debtors was quite comfortable compared to the other inmates and you'd receive in payment for your work 3 ozs of bread, 4ozs of oatmeal daily and 1oz of salt and 10 lbs of potatoes on a regular basis. Onlyescorts
If you were one of the lucky ones who had use of money from friends or family your stay static in prison was much more luxurious. You can choose your personal form of accommodation from the 22 rooms set aside for just such people. The price ranged from 5s to 30s and included a fire, candles, cutlery and a servant who did the cooking and cleaning. The lifestyle did not stop there. You were able to buy beer and wine, purchase tobacco and newspapers, buy meat, groceries, fruit and vegetables from the debtor's market which was held in the castle yard. You can carry on together with your profession and have visitors from morning until night.

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